FAKTOR –FAKTOR RISIKO YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KEJADIAN HIV dan AIDS DI SEMARANG DAN SEKITARNYA

  • Tuti Susilowati
Keywords: risk faktors, incidence of HIV/AIDS, development of AIDS, Semarang.

Abstract

Background : HIV/AIDS is a global problem, it is essential immediately overcame and have high mortality. AIDS caused by HIV virus. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS cases in Indonesia has increased as well in Semarang. The data in Semarang shows the cumulative number ever in the caring of HIV/AIDS in July 2009 was 607 cases, 478 cases had ART treatment. People living with HIV who had reinforced until July 2009 was 281 cases. The amount of virus in agent determining transmission, while the infection depends on the disease stages. The disease is not a cure, the vaccine is not yet available. Objectives: Getting information of risk faktors that affect the incidence of HIV/AIDS and its development in the Semarang area. Method: Type of analytical observational research, Case Control method. The case was all patients with all age groups who have been diagnosed had HIV/AIDS in Dr. Kariadi General Hospital especially taking medication regularly both in outpatient or inpatient. The control was blood donors from the Red Cross Branch Semarang. Number of samples was 76 as cases and 76 as controls. The samples tested qualitatively. Results: Risk faktors affecting the incidence of HIV/AIDS: History of disease (STD) OR: 2,676 (95% CI 1,252-5,720, p value 0.01). The history of disease in family who had HIV/AIDS OR: 2,592 (95% CI 1,078-6,233, p: 0.033). Level of education OR: 4,709 (95% CI 1,078-10,474 p: 0.001). Status of injecting drug use/IDU OR: 4,515 (95% CI 1,940-10,507 p: 0.001).. While that does not affected was history of previous disease (there are sexually transmitted diseases, organ transplants), gender, level of knowledge, socio-economic condition and BMI, blood donor status, The status have received a blood transfusion, initial sex status, demographical residential/domicile. have the cultural background of more than one partner. Conclusion: The risk faktors that proved to affected to incidence of HIV/AIDS including: STD, family history of disease in had HIV/AIDS, education level, status of injecting drug use/IDU, the status had received blood transfusions, embracing the cultural background of more than one partner, the behaviors that have risk of HIV/AIDS transmission is potentially occurred. Suggestion: It is recommended to be re-screened for the potential risk of HIV and AIDS incidence because basically awareness for those at risk still need special attention. Handling of HIV and AIDS at the level of basic services should be noted that this case does not become an epidemic.

Published
2019-12-13